What is Adderall? Nervous System Stimulant Review
Today nootropics gain more and more popularity for their function to increase your attention, memory and overall concentration by affecting the central nervous system (CSN) being used for studying, learning and heavy workloads.
Adderall (nootropics psychostimulant) is one of such nootropic effectively interacting with Dopamine neurotransmitter in the brain and increasing the release of these neurotransmitters.
Adderall is a combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine salts (four salts) in the proportion of 75% to 25%.
Once dextroamphetamine and amphetamine are absorbed into the blood (which takes no more than 15-20 minutes) they release neurotransmitter into CNS which results in delivering extra power into your brain forming all related effects (energy, concentration, memory, attention, higher motivation, mood elevation etc.).
According to the key researches as of today, Adderall does primary release dopamine, serotonin, and adrenaline (noradrenaline) neurotransmitters.
In some published researches you may find information that Adderall may deplete catecholamine neurotransmitters.
Adderall’s primary indication is to treat sleep disorders (e.g. narcolepsy, insomnia) and AHDH (children and adults), but it should be noted that irrespective of the fact that it’s one of the primary indications of Adderall, it is only approved by FDA for dealing with AHDH.
There were reported some cases where some patients were rejected by its insurance company in reimbursement for Adderall prescriptions.
Adderall is also quite often used as a wakefulness stimulant and a “smart drug” by students during exams and periods of high stress generated during the study and work – cognitive enhancer, mental energy booster.
Another indication is to treat fatigue especially associated with sleep disorders.
What are the main benefits of using Adderall as there is a great number of nootropics with the same effects but fewer risks of tolerance, side effect and additional functions like neuroprotective function and others?
It appears that Adderall is still used as a widely-known nootropic and confirmed to be highly effective on a short-term basis.
For a long-term utilization, there are probably better decisions in this respect.
Adderall Side Effects
Therapists and experts raise reasonable concerns about Adderall side effects.
Some of them could be really harmful and put the risk of an addiction, withdrawal and adverse effects.
The frequency of side effects occurrence is ratherish high even if it’s used in a safe dosage in accordance with a prescription.
This fact brings concerns considering that Adderall is approved for ADHD patients and for this reason people prefer some alternatives to Adderall which are free from indicated negative effects.
For example, since Adderall withdrawal effects include elevated blood pressure and rapid heart, a competent doctor hardly recommends Adderall for a patient to fight AHDH having heart problems.
The full range of side effects is not that extensive but frequently occurred.
More frequently occurred are sleeplessness, restlessness, dizziness, over-stimulation.
Adderall headache is a common side effect with a frequency of occurrence about 15%.
A headache itself brings no harm and usually disappears after you stop taking Adderall.
There may occur other types of headaches which set a number of problems and reported to be occurred by a great number of users.
It seems like if the balance of chemicals in your brain is disturbed enough it provokes a migraine-like headache.
Among widespread causes of headaches are cerebral vasoconstriction, electrolyte disturbances, systolic hypertension, neck tension (excessive dopaminergic increasing muscle rigidity, which accordingly causes tension in your neck and shoulders).
You need to look closely if your headache comes suddenly and if it’s getting worse within a minute, or associated with fever, seizure, loss of consciousness, confusion, weakness, impaired vision or numbness; or often caused by injury or intensive exercises.
There are some pieces of advice which can help to get a relief from the headaches:
- physical exercises which are normally incorporated into your daily life – yoga, shaping, pilates, painting, gardening, massage with essential oils, neck relaxing either by message or other means etc;
- aromatherapy with relaxing oils like jasmine, lavender or sandalwood;
- normalize electrolyte balance: limit alcohol, cholesterol, and trans-fats supplementing potassium and may reduce hypertension, and increase taking beverages which are isotonic to blood;
- medication to treat a headache (aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen; excedrin, prednisone, antidepressants).
This is a quite rare that amphetamine-caused headaches pose serious risks for your health, but in case if you feel any of specified symptoms above you should immediately consult with your doctor.
The first question about the dosage is how to avoid any tolerance problems and withdrawal effects or addiction?
This is a controversial issue as there is no single opinion on whether a minimum dosage will protect a user from addiction. Moreover, this is being complicated by the fact that there are no relevant clinical trials or other researches which could confirm or dispel the suspension of this theory.
In case if you plan to use Adderall for longer periods of time and if doing so is necessary, it is strongly recommended to consult with your doctor in the first instance.
Determination of a careful and accurate dosage of Adderall starts from identification of your age.
As Adderall is approved to be prescribed for AHDH treatment for both children and adults, there is a distinction in dosage in this connection.
For adults it is generally prescribed to have a dosage of no more than 60 mg per day (at maximum dosage, divided into two or three doses during the day with intervals of 4-6 hours), however, it should be started with 5 mg.
For children – it starts from 2.5 mg per day to 10 mg, but in any case to the maximum of 40 mg per day.
More detailed sequencing of dosage increment should be closely monitored by your doctor since the optimal response and desired benefit from Adderall can be obtained with a lesser dosage.
All issues related to the dosage concerns are directly connected to successive withdrawal risk.
When your body is released from taking not naturally produced stimulants, it requires time to recover and readjust the chemical balance in the brain, to normalize producing dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline.
Usually, it takes about 2-3 days for your body to clear off the nootropic and produce a required number of neurotransmitters naturally.
Withdrawal effects may include anxiety, difficulty falling asleep, dry mouth.